History of Pandemic

How people needed to be convinced to wear masks during 1918 ...
Image Source : Business Insider

In this lockdown, most of us are facing the first time as much as, this condition is peculiar and new to everyone. It also repeats the history itself. In the recent decade, there were many infectious diseases came, and we fought for it. Like today, we are fighting.

Well, the pandemic declared by WHO, states that the virus spreads contagiously around the world.

If I talked about 21st and 20th century only, many pandemics had come to vanished hundreds and millions of lives. And even not alone in these two centuries but these kinds of pandemic arrived in 165 A.D. So, it’s not the first time the world is experiencing the pandemic but rather those who born in this century or late 90s of 20th century are the first one who is experiencing this.

Spanish Flu PANDEMIC (1918-1920)

Spanish Influenza's Final Lesson | Geopolitical Monitor
Image Source : Geopolitical Monitor

Well, some say the history repeat itself after a century. The reason is the Spanish flu. Flu had similar symptoms of coronavirus- fatigue, cold and fever. It was the deadliest virus in history which infected one-third of the world’s population and ending lives of approximately 50 million.

During that period, even the technology was n’t there to support and stop the pandemic. But if we compare it with technology that we are a much better position. 1918 was the year of world war I. Even more US soldiers were killed by flu than over the battle.

After this deadliest pandemic, there were more pandemics which followed to as

ASIAN FLU (1957)

Image Source :start60


Asian Flu was the second influenza after Spanish influenza in the twentieth century and followed by Hongkong influenza. recognized in East Asia and that, therefore, spread to nations around the world. Estimates for the loss of life of the Asian Flu shift contingent upon the source, yet the World Health Organization puts the last count at around 2 million passings, 69,800 of those in the only us.

Hongkong Flu

How Hong Kong flu struck without warning 50 years ago, and claimed ...
Image Source : South china Morning Post

From the main detailed case on July 13, 1968, in Hong Kong, it took just 17 days before episodes of the infection were accounted for in Singapore and Vietnam, and inside a quarter of a year had spread to The Philippines, India, Australia, Europe, and the United States.

While the 1968 pandemic had a similarly low death rate (.5%) it despite everything brought about the passings of in excess of a million people, including 500,000 inhabitants of Hong Kong, roughly 15% of its populace at the time.

HIV/AIDS PANDEMIC (AT ITS PEAK, 1981 till present day)

HIV/AIDS - Wikipedia
Image Source : Wikepedia

If comes to 21st century it was the main pandemic and on the off chance that we return in twentieth century, at that point it may be the last one. HIV human immunodeficiency virus  is the infection that causes AIDS.

For decades, the illness had no known fix, yet prescription created during the 1990s presently permits individuals with the malady to encounter a typical life expectancy with ordinary treatment. HIV/AIDS has genuinely substantiated itself as a worldwide pandemic, executing in excess of 36 million individuals since 1981.

Currently, there are somewhere in the range of 31 and 35 million individuals living with HIV, most by far of those are in Sub-Saharan Africa. Somewhere in the range of 2005 and 2012 the yearly worldwide passings from HIV/AIDS dropped from 2.2 million to 1.6 million.

Swine Flu pandemic: 2009-2010

Swine Flu Continues to Strike Swabs – NBC Connecticut
Image Source : NBC Connecticut

The 2009 Swine influenza pandemic was brought about by another strain of H1N1 that started in Mexico in the spring of 2009 preceding spreading to the remainder of the world. In one year, the infection contaminated the same number of as 1.4 billion individuals over the globe and executed somewhere in the range of 151,700 and 575,400 individuals, as per the CDC.

The 2009 influenza pandemic essentially influenced kids and youthful grown-ups, and 80% of the passings were in individuals more youthful than 65, the CDC revealed. Be that as it may, on account of the Swine influenza, more established individuals appeared to have just developed enough resistance towards this flu. An antibody for the H1N1 infection that caused the Swineinfluenza is presently remembered for the yearly influenza vaccine. 

After Swine flu and before present day Coronavirus, there were epidemic as Ebola (2014)and Zika Virus (2015) which affected many people but luckily didn’t turn into pandemic.

Many viruses have come and go, but the fight of human community is still going on. And in future, if this history repeats, then there is one thing that we all should take it as a lesson. The lesson is ‘ Health is Wealth’. Health is much more than wealth. We are busy to accumulate wealth and forgetting about our health. This pandemic realizes us that no possession or power is above than health.

Thank you for reading.

Source:

https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-i/1918-flu-pandemic

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/4381924.stm

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3867475/

https://www.britannica.com/event/1957-flu-pandemic

https://www.cdc.gov/flu/pandemic-resources/1968-pandemic.html

Leave a Reply